What is Turf Toe?
Turf Toe is a common sprain type injury of the great toe joint. The injury occurs either from a sudden jamming or repetitive upward bending of the great toe joint. Turf Toe injuries have historically been linked to sports activities on artificial turf, but it can occur with a wide range of sports or other activities.
The great toe joint is where the first metatarsal (long bone behind the toes) meets the first toe bone. The joint is surrounded by a number of strong ligaments and tendons. There are also 2 small sesamoid bones at the bottom of the joint which act similar to the knee cap. The sesamoid bones act to disperse weight bearing pressure evenly across the joint as well as give the joint more stability during motion.
Severity of Turf Toe injuries can range from a stretch of the ligaments causing pin point pain to a tear of the ligaments causing severe pain and instability with motion. Initial treatment is RICE therapy (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation). Over the counter pain medication such as tylenol, ibuprofen, or aleve can provide pain relief.
At your visit, your foot and ankle specialist will perform a thorough history and physical exam. The range of motion and stability of the great toe joint may be tested to ascertain the severity of the injury. Xrays may be obtained to determine any other injuries such as a fracture that may be present. Depending on the severity of the injury, an MRI may be ordered to evaluate for a tear or rupture of the ligaments/tendons. Treatment may include a specialized shoe or boot, orthotic inserts, as well as activity modification. Rarely, surgery may be needed depending on the severity and any other injuries present.
If you or a family member suffered from Turf Toe injury, make an appointment with Advanced Foot and Ankle Center in Mckinney and Prosper TX! Our convenient hours and locations allow us to better serve you. Most of the time we are able to accommodate same day appointments!