Bunions are bony bumps that form along the side of the foot near the base of the big toe, often due to dislocation of the toe joint. Bunions can become inflamed and painful when the interior of your shoes rubs against them throughout the day. It is important to seek treatment for bunions because do not go away on their own. The experienced podiatrists at Advanced Foot and Ankle Center in McKinney and Prosper, TX, utilize several methods for successfully treating your bunions.
Causes of Bunions
One of the main reasons bunions develop is dislocation of the metatarsophalangeal joint, which is the joint at the base of the big toe. When the joint is out of place, the big toe tends to slant toward the smaller toes. As a result, the bony end of the metatarsophalangeal joint slants the opposite way and presses against the side of the foot forming a bony bump or bunion.
Some factors that can lead to dislocation of the toe joint and the development of bunions include:
- An injury to the foot or big toe
- Frequently wearing tight or narrow shoes, such as high heels
- Certain medical conditions, such as arthritis
- Structural deformity of the foot
Bunions can only be corrected through professional treatment. Left untreated, bunions can become more inflamed and painful over time. They can also lead to the development of additional foot conditions or problems, such as hammertoe.
The skilled podiatrists at our offices in McKinney and Prosper, TX, utilize several methods for treating bunions and can recommend specific options for providing pain relief and correcting the underlying cause of your bunions.
Some treatments help reduce inflammation and provide relief from pain or discomfort. Other methods address the underlying problem by realigning the metatarsophalangeal toe joint. In more severe cases, surgery might be needed to realign the toe joint or remove the bunion. Treatment options include:
- Choosing roomier shoes that can accommodate bunions without causing irritation
- Wearing an orthotic device that stabilizes the toe joint and corrects foot positioning
- Performing foot exercises to prevent stiffness and improve joint mobility and function
- Inserting cushioning or padding in shoes to minimize friction
- Wearing splints to realign the toe joint while sleeping
- Removing corns or calluses from the feet
- Undergoing surgery (bunionectomy)
When bunions are inflamed and causing you pain, something as simple as walking can be difficult. If you are affected by bunions, we can help. Our doctors will develop an individualized treatment plan tailored to your needs. To schedule an appointment with a podiatrist in McKinney and Prosper, TX, call Advanced Foot and Ankle Center at (972) 542-2155.