Sesamoids are 2 small bones underneith your first metatarasal head. They are shapped like small jelly beans that are flattened on one side. They help the functioning of the flexor tendon and help transmit weight bearing forces to your first metatarsal head.
If you have pain under neith your 1st metarasl head you could have a sesamoid injury. Sesamoid injuries are often associated with activities requiring increased pressure on the foot, such as tennis, basketball, running, and football. Podiatrists diagnose and treat various foot problems, including sesamoid injuries.
Types of Sesamoid Injuries
Sesamoid injuries can involve the bones, tendons, and surrounding tissue in the joint. Sesamoiditis is an injury involving inflammation of the sesamoid bones and tendons. A sesamoid fracture is an acute or chronic fracture in the sesamoid bone. Turf toe is an injury to the soft tissue surrounding the big toe joint.
Sesamoid Injury Causes
Sesamoid injuries can be caused by landing too hard on the foot after a fall or jump. Cracks in the sesamoid bones can be caused by wear and tear on the foot over time. People with high arches are at risk for developing sesamoid injuries. Frequently wearing high heels can also be a contributing factor.
Sesamoid Injury Symptoms
The most common symptom of a sesamoid injury is pain when you move your big toe, stand, run, jump, or walk. With a fracture, the pain will be immediate, whereas with sesamoiditis, pain may develop gradually. A sesamoid injury may be painful for weeks to months. Bruising and swelling may or may not be present.
Sesamoid Injury Diagnosis
If you think you have a sesamoid injury, see a podiatrist for proper diagnosis and treatment. Your podiatrist will ask about your symptoms, activities, and medical history and examine your foot. To diagnose your foot problem, your podiatrist may order X-rays and laboratory tests.
Sesamoid Injury Treatment
Inflammation and pain are treated with oral medications or steroid injections. A pad may be placed in your shoe to cushion the sesamoid area or offload it. Your foot may be placed in a cast and crutches may be used to take pressure off of your foot. The rehabilitation period following immobilization may include physical therapy, such as therapeutic exercises and ultrasound therapy. Your podiatrist may recommend surgery if your symptoms persist after nonsurgical treatment.
A sesamoid injury can affect your day-to-day activities and make every day activities painful. Get relief today by scheduling an appointment with a podiatrist . Here at Advanced Foot and Ankle a podiatrist can provide all the relief you need, with relatively little expense or hassle.
Advanced Foot and Ankle